Comprehensive guide to Starting a Cyber-security Career in 2020
Cyber hacking, cybersecurity breaches, phishing scams, cyber attacks, and a lot of other cyber crimes has become a significant concern for both the government and the private sector.
These problems have elevated to such a level that every company or body now needs a professional cybersecurity team to protect their valuable data.
In fact, the leading security ventures revealed that the demand for cybersecurity analysts in 2026 would be 28% more than that of 2016. It means that there will be more than 3.5 million openings in the cybersecurity field.
This post will guide you through the reason for this rise and all the other details you will need to start a promising carrier in the cybersecurity world.
Cybersecurity And Its Importance
Cybersecurity is a general term for the technologies, processes, and practices that protect the network user against unauthorized access and privacy invasions.
It is an uttermost need of the present world because everything in today’s world depends on the internet. Whether you talk of your bank balance, medical deliveries, government secrets, corporate contact, or a standard school database, everything will become a liability without proper security.
In fact, the unauthorized access of military data can even jeopardize the security of a whole nation. The worst part will be that the mastermind of this crime won’t have to step out of his/her home.
In the corporate world, the lack of cybersecurity can expose your marketing strategies, latest designs, personal information, and a lot of other sophisticated data that can cause a company to shut.
Therefore, there has to be a protocol or a department that can detect and shut off the person or organization from taking advance of the weak point of a bodies’ network.
Job Responsibilities for Cyber Security Specialists
The cybersecurity specialists are trained professionals who have in-depth knowledge of a specific aspect of the network. They work together with the other specialist and perform all the essential tasks required for ensuring the integrity of the internet and prevent data losses.
Their day to day task list includes the following essential works:
· Analyze the security of a system and apply changes to improve it
· Provide support for the security tools, configure firewalls, antivirus, patches and other programs for blocking malware or Trojans
· Design the measures to protect the system or network from unauthorized access, modifications, and destructions.
· Analyze the network and draft reports of abnormalities or violations
· Performing controlled cyber attacks to find the weak points of the system or network
· Upgrade security setup to combat with the latest threats
· Provide support and take action in case of a data breach or incidents
· Analyze the system for finding the data losses due to a data breach or security problem
· Train fellow employees for the data breaches, combating procedures and others must know cybersecurity stuff
The specialist may also have to go out of their routine works and perform extra tasks in case of a security threat or for improving the network security of the system.
Job Types For Cyber Security
Cybersecurity needs professionals to analyze, implement designs, and perform a lot of other tasks. It means that cybersecurity is not a one-person play; it will require multiple types of specialist.
Therefore, you have a wide choice of roles for your carrier in cybersecurity. Have a look at the different jobs that you can get:
· Penetration Tester
The only way to improve the security of a network is to find its weak points, and that’s precisely what a penetration tester will do. This role needs a person who is good in business, has technical skills, and knows ethical hacking.
The work of a penetration tester is to think like a hacker and hack the network. It’s usually done in teams, and it is essential to find the more vulnerable aspects of the system.
The role also asks for communication skills as you will have to work in teams and prepare detailed reports of your finding.
· Software Developers
The role of a security software developer is responsible for design and securing the security of software. The job may involve testing the software in development stages and eliminating its errors or design a new antivirus, spyware detection application, intrusion detector software, and other security softwares.
It is essential to ensure that the software or applications created by the organization are highly secure and no potential breaches.
· Security Auditor
If you are attentive and never miss a detail, then security auditor is the best cybersecurity job career for you. The job includes complicated tasks like recording the security breaches, the preventive measure, and the effectiveness of each method or process implemented.
The security auditor is also responsible for finding the issues that are more frequent and suggest improvements for it.
· Security Architect
The role of a security architect is very similar to its name. The person has to create designs for the underlying architecture of the organization. As a security architect, you will have to learn about human behavior and work with the security auditor to make changes in your security systems. You have to ensure that the architecture of the technical specifications of your firm is secure and error-free.
· Product Manager
Cybersecurity involves the development and implementation of a lot of security products. So the organization often needs a person who can look after the aspect of this work and deal with its complexity.
In this role, you have to analyze the competitors, interact with the consumer, and ensure that the product your team has developed is in line with the companies’ model and reputation.
· Complaint and Data Governance Officer
Even with adequate care and precision, there are possibilities of errors or complaints. Therefore, companies often appoint a knowledgeable person to deal with the customer issue. Your work will be to guide them through the common problems in implementing the security measure and solve their complaints. You may also have to maintain a record of all the allegations and analyze the more frequent issues. It is essential to ensure customer satisfaction and finding the aspect of the organization which needs improvements.
· Chief Information Security Officer
CISO is a high-level executive in cybersecurity firm who is responsible for reducing the security risk by implementing smart strategies. As a CISO, you are responsible for ensuring the proper work from the organization and take measures to fulfill the target. You will have to act as the spokesperson of the organization, especially when the organization is under threat.
Is Cybersecurity Right For You?
Cybersecurity is one of the fastest emerging and pursuing career opportunities throughout the jobs landscape. It has no specification for qualification, has competitive payment, and offers a lot of additional benefits.
However, cybersecurity needs determination and commitment. It’s a job where you have to come across a very distinct situation and have to keep on learning about the latest trends.
Have a look at the skills you will need for this job. They will let you decide whether it’s the career you dreamt about or not.
· Robust Work Habits
As a cybersecurity in charge, you have to be specific, straightforward and systematic with your working methods. The following are the abilities you will need
i. Eagerness to dig into technicality and problem solving
ii. A high degree of adaptability
iii. Strong diagnosis and analytics
iv. Deep understanding of the networking
v. Knowledge of contemporary standards procedures and methods
Security officials often need to talk about complicated subjects and then explain them to non-technical people. Therefore, you need to have excellent communication and understanding skills for stepping into cybersecurity. Moreover, soft skills are a must to understand social engineering, which is a prime source of information for hackers.
· Technical knowledge
The cybersecurity official should understand at least the basic language architecture and the operating system. You should also have to know about the concept of firewalls, virtualization softwares, and standard networking problems. You will also need to know about machine languages like C/C++, disassemblers, PHP, Python, and more.
They help deal with hacking issues and understand the structure of data damaging programs.
· Implementation Skills
There are the languages and tools for the cybersecurity buy the threat keeps on changing, and there is no specific way to solve the issues. You can learn to examine a security setup and use the software. However, cybersecurity is not about what you know; it’s about how you implement it. It’s about how you use the knowledge and the tools to find the weakness of the system and develop new strategies to deal with them.
· Management Skills
Cybersecurity officials have to coordinate with teams, organize the workflow, and keep a check on all the assessment from network vulnerability test to social media assessments and more. They also need the ability to handle the pressure of incidents or take decisions for implying new processes and softwares.
It needs a certain level of management skill to keep a check on this range of tasks and still keep the brain calm enough to make the right decisions.
Qualification Required For Cyber Security
You can pursue degrees in computer science or other related fields to get leverage over other applications. However, there is a high demand for cybersecurity official, and with such shortage, the firms are not relying on college degrees to employ anyone. If you have enough skills and training for the security work, you can apply for the cybersecurity jobs.
Moreover, these fields have a wide variety of jobs that you can choose. It even offers opportunities for candidates with a non-technical background. They can apply for marketing executives, pre-sales, sales support, and management posts.
Therefore, forget about the qualification, just select the field that you want and get some training for it.
Technical Skills To Learn
In case you want to pursue the technical works of the cybersecurity branch, you will have to gain some skills. They are necessary to evaluate the resource and diverting them to maximize the security of your organization and softwares. The technical skills that can help you are:
· Ethical Hacking
Ethical hacking helps you to attain a mindset for a hacker. It comes in handy for thinking like them and identifying the techniques the hackers can use to penetrate your system’s security. Ethical hacking skills also help you to hack your organization and identify its weaknesses.
· Malware Analysis
Malwares are a big-time problem for almost every network user. It slows their system, reveals their data, and sometimes even delete the important files. As a cybersecurity incharge, it is crucial that you know how to detect and eliminate these malware programs. It is also vital that you know about reversing its effect and recover the lost data.
Not everyone who attacks a system or network is interested in deleting data or revealing information; some do it to earn profits. They create software that locks your important files and allow access only after payment of a ransom amount. It is one of the most severe issues right now, and even the government sectors are facing it. So, leaning about random software and the methods to deal with them will open doors to a new world of opportunities for you.
The Final Words
Cybersecurity may be an emerging field, but it has an anonymous number of opportunities. It offers you jobs for both technical and non-technical jobs that too without any qualification requirement. This field is vast, reliable, and one of the most demanded in today’s technological era.
So, evaluate your skills, attain the required training, and choose the field that suits you.